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How to get the real IP address on Nginx when you use Cloudflare

How to get the real IP address on Nginx when you use Cloudflare.

If you want to get the real IP address on Nginx when you use Cloudflare, you can use the ngx_http_realip_module module. You can find here more information regarding this module: http://nginx.org/en/docs/http/ngx_http_realip_module.html

On Nginx, http section:

http {
......
... other options ...
## Settings for Cloudflare
        set_real_ip_from 173.245.48.0/20;
        set_real_ip_from 103.21.244.0/22;
        set_real_ip_from 103.22.200.0/22;
        set_real_ip_from 103.31.4.0/22;
        set_real_ip_from 141.101.64.0/18;
        set_real_ip_from 108.162.192.0/18;
        set_real_ip_from 190.93.240.0/20;
        set_real_ip_from 188.114.96.0/20;
        set_real_ip_from 197.234.240.0/22;
        set_real_ip_from 198.41.128.0/17;
        set_real_ip_from 162.158.0.0/15;
        set_real_ip_from 104.16.0.0/12;
        set_real_ip_from 172.64.0.0/13;
        set_real_ip_from 131.0.72.0/22;
        set_real_ip_from 2400:cb00::/32;
        set_real_ip_from 2606:4700::/32;
        set_real_ip_from 2803:f800::/32;
        set_real_ip_from 2405:b500::/32;
        set_real_ip_from 2405:8100::/32;
        set_real_ip_from 2a06:98c0::/29;
        set_real_ip_from 2c0f:f248::/32;

        real_ip_header CF-Connecting-IP;
}

To get a fresh list of IP Addresses used by Cloudflare:

for i in `curl -s https://www.cloudflare.com/ips-v4 https://www.cloudflare.com/ips-v6` ; do echo "set_real_ip_from $i;";done

Output example:

aelius@macbook:~$ for i in `curl -s https://www.cloudflare.com/ips-v4 https://www.cloudflare.com/ips-v6` ; do echo "set_real_ip_from $i;";done
set_real_ip_from 173.245.48.0/20;
set_real_ip_from 103.21.244.0/22;
set_real_ip_from 103.22.200.0/22;
set_real_ip_from 103.31.4.0/22;
set_real_ip_from 141.101.64.0/18;
set_real_ip_from 108.162.192.0/18;
set_real_ip_from 190.93.240.0/20;
set_real_ip_from 188.114.96.0/20;
set_real_ip_from 197.234.240.0/22;
set_real_ip_from 198.41.128.0/17;
set_real_ip_from 162.158.0.0/15;
set_real_ip_from 104.16.0.0/12;
set_real_ip_from 172.64.0.0/13;
set_real_ip_from 131.0.72.0/22;
set_real_ip_from 2400:cb00::/32;
set_real_ip_from 2606:4700::/32;
set_real_ip_from 2803:f800::/32;
set_real_ip_from 2405:b500::/32;
set_real_ip_from 2405:8100::/32;
set_real_ip_from 2a06:98c0::/29;
set_real_ip_from 2c0f:f248::/32;

References:

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